New Castle Dental Associates
92 Reads Way, Suite 200, New Castle, DE 19720

Glossary of Dental Terms


Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.


Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.


Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.


Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.


Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.


Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.


Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.


Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.


Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.


Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.


Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.


Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.


Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.


Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.


Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.


TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.


Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.


Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
The doctors and dental professionals at New Castle Dental are awesome! Friendly, yet professional, they keep me informed of what they are doing while they are working. They let me know where I stand […]
Teresa B.
New Castle Dental has very professional and courteous staff. I am one that used to avoid going to the dentist due to a bad prior experience with a different dentists office, but New Castle Dental has […]
Paul M.
I have been a patient at New Castle for many many years! They are a great group of people who care very much about your dental needs. I am retired now and still use ther services. I never ever […]
Daniel J.
I would highly recommend Dr. Friedberg & his staff! The entire staff, starting at the front desk to the doc & assistance, were kind and courteous and worked professionally as a team […]
Michele K.
Overall one of the best board certified DR’S DDS ever! Smart, caring, concerned. I am 150% confident of the work Dr. Chamish does. Carol is also warm and wonderful as is the rest of his team! Thank […]
John F.
If you’re looking for a great dentist, friendly and welcoming atmosphere, supportive staff, professionalism and the best dental office in New Castle look no further, New Castle Dental Associates if […]
Patty P.
Extraordinary…..different words I know to speak about a dental experience. Dr. Chamish and his staff embody this sentiment. If you value your teeth, this is the practice for you.
Libra L.
Great staff, friendly & always do a thorough job. Will always recommend New Castle Associates.
M K.
I cannot say enough about the Dr.’s and staff. Routine or emergency, they just know how to melt your anxiety while getting the job done! #TeamFriedberg
June S.
Awesome service. Staff is the best. I recommend this dentist office to all my friends and family!
Lee S.
Amazing Service Start to Finish!! I woke with a toothache the week of Christmas, the next afternoon my jaw started swelling up. I called the office and they were able to see me within 20 minutes! […]
Christina B.
Everyone in the office is super friendly, very clean. Amy and Dr Friedburg are awesome!
Emily S.
You can’t get better the Dr. Chamish his assistant Melaney! I had a procedure performed on my upper teeth. As usual, everything went smooth and professional. Melanie is sweet and professional, […]
Glenn D.
You can’t find a better skilled dentist!!. Dr. Friedberg has a wonderful chairside manor and his dentistry is amazing!The office staff is wonderful! the dental assistant and hygienists are very […]
Jeannette W.
Dr.Friedberg is the best dentist that I’ve ever seen he’s caring,kind and very professional. The staff is just so wonderful they really make everything better. I having a root canal next week […]
Maritza M.
Always a pleasure to go to Newcastle dental
Richard L.
The best staff and Dr. Chamish is the most knowledgeable dentist we have ever had. Have made us feel like we are part of a family and they care about the service they provide to us. We highly […]
Yolanda T.
I have been a patient here for 8 years now, and have no desire to fo anywhere else. Watching Dr. Chamish and his team as they work on me is nothing less then mesmerizing. The way they work hand in […]
Scott R.
Everyone is so nice and the quality of their work is superb.
Ed R.
Best experience, the dentists helped me as a new patient for an emergency extraction in the same day I called. The staff took great care for me, I will be returning for more dental work. Thank you so […]
Kay S.
Office Hours
Mon. – 7:30 AM - 6:30 PM
Tue. – 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Sat. – Closed
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (302) 352-2321
Fax: (302) 328-2352
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For appointments, call us at: (302) 352-2321 or
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For appointments, call: (302) 352-2321
Office Hours
  • Monday 7:30 AM - 6:30 PM
  • Tuesday 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 12:00 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
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  • Phone: (302) 352-2321
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